autonomous republic of crimea

Autonomous Republic of Crimea may sa mosunod nga mga subdibisyon: The second region, the Kerch Peninsula, thrusts eastward toward the Russian kray (territory) of Krasnodar and consists of low hills rich in iron ore. Odessa stands where the coast turns southwest. [84] In January mean temperatures range from −3 °C (26.6 °F) in Armiansk to 4.4 °C (39.9 °F) in Myskhor. The mud volcanoes and mineral springs that dot the landscape have given rise to a spa industry that draws both domestic and international tourists. Koordinaten: 45 ° 18'N 34 ° 24'E  /  45,3 ° 34,4 ° E N  / Autonome Republik Krim . The length of line is about 90 km and passengers are assigned a seat. [29] In English usage since the early modern period the Crimean Khanate is referred to as Crim Tartary. [2] At 49.1%, turnout was slightly ahead of that for Russia as a whole which was only 47.8%. From 1853 to 1856, the peninsula was the site of the principal engagements of the Crimean War, a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia.[39]. Итоги Переписи Населения В Крымском Федеральном Округе [Censuses in Crimean Federal District], Таблицы с итогами Федерального статистического наблюдения "Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе" [Tables with the results of the Federal Statistical observation "Census in the Crimean Federal District"], CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Partition Treaty on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet, Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, a decree on the transfer of the Crimean region of the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR, Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances, Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, federal subjects of the Russian Federation, trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, International Transport Workers' Federation, International sanctions during the Ukrainian crisis, Crimean parliamentary election on 14 September 2014, Russian legislative election on 18 September 2016, Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Russia currently being suspended from all international athletic competitions, 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, "Results of Census: Population of Crimea is 2.284 Million People", "Катастрофический фактор | Все блоги | Блоги | Каспаров.Ru". Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly UN. Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Railroad lines running through Crimea include Armiansk—Kerch (with a link to Feodosia), and Melitopol—Sevastopol (with a link to Yevpatoria), connecting Crimea to the Ukrainian mainland. 14,300 Greeks, 12,075 Bulgarians, and about 10,000 Armenians were also expelled. Unlike most of the young pioneer camps, Artek was an all-year camp, due to the warm climate. Following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Crimea became an autonomous republic within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic in the USSR. Medien in der Kategorie „Autonomous Republic of Crimea“ Folgende 45 Dateien sind in dieser Kategorie, von 45 insgesamt. The document was supported by 66 countries, 19 voted against, and 72 abstained. Rome2rio makes travelling from Russia to Autonomous Republic of Crimea easy. It appears that Russia has taken control of Crimea without firing ashot and is referring to it as the “Autonomous Republic of Crimea,”presumably with the intention of making it a puppet state of Moscow. The area remained the site of overlapping interests and contact between the early medieval Slavic, Turkic and Greek spheres. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. and Ukr. The 1997 Partition Treaty on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet partitioned the former Soviet Black Sea Fleet and allowed Russia to continue basing its fleet in Crimea: both the Ukrainian Naval Forces and Russian's Black Sea Fleet were to be headquartered in Sevastopol. Omissions? Jews in Crimea were historically Krymchaks and Karaites (the latter a small group centered at Yevpatoria). Territory is 26.100 sq. Besides the Crimean Germans, Stalin in 1944 also deported 70,000 Greeks, 14,000 Bulgarians[146] and 3,000 Italians. After the fall of the Soviet Union, Crimean Tatars began to return to the region. Ukraine extended Russia's lease of the naval facilities under the 2010 Kharkiv Pact in exchange for further discounted natural gas. pop. The eastern tip of the Crimean peninsula comprises the Kerch Peninsula, separated from Taman Peninsula on the Russian mainland by the Kerch Strait, which connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov, at a width of between 3–13 kilometres (1.9–8.1 mi). [a] With a length of 19 km, it is the longest bridge in Europe, as it overcame Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon. [82] The North Crimea Canal, which transports water from the Dnieper, is the largest of the man-made irrigation channels on the peninsula.[83]. A new phase of tourist development began when the Soviet government realised the potential of the healing quality of the local air, lakes and therapeutic muds. Karasu-Bazar/Bilohorsk was a commercial center. Crimea itself comprises three regions. The National Congress of Paraguay has adopted a declaration condemning Russia's occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine's Embassy in Argentina has told Ukrinform. Crimea was part of Russia until Nikita Khruschev gave it to Ukraine in 1954. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. ", "Russia-Ukraine Update: Crimea Attracts More Than 4 Million Tourists Despite Annexation", "What is the Crimea, and why does it matter? In the Autonomous Republic of Crimea were formed: • census departments: 236 • instructor districts: 1631 • registration districts: 6525 Not including the census departments, instructor and registration districts of hospital, sanatoria, hotels, etc. [84] Because of its climate and subsidized travel-packages from Russian state-run companies, the southern Crimean coast has remained a popular resort for Russian tourists. [105] The road bridge opened in May 2018, and the rail bridge opened in December 2019. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea occupies the territory of the Crimean peninsula that is situated on the south of Ukraine. [46][47], Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances acknowledged Ukrainian integrity.[49]. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea is situated in the Crimean peninsula. Also many solar photovoltaic SES plants lie along the peninsula (north of Sevastopol too, a smaller facility). The Republic of Crimea continues to use the administrative divisions previously used by the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and is thus subdivided into 25 regions: 14 districts and 11 city municipalities (gorodskoj sovet or gorsovet), officially known as territories governed by city councils. The shorter Chornaya River (Crimea) flows west to Sevastopol Bay. The natural vegetation consists of scrublands, woodlands, and forests, with a climate and vegetation similar to the Mediterranean Basin. II, v 9.5) refer variously to the Strait of Kerch as the Κιμμερικὸς Βόσπορος (Kimmerikos Bosporos, romanized spelling, Bosporus Cimmerius), its easternmost part as the Κιμμέριον Ἄκρον (Kimmerion Akron, Roman name: Promontorium Cimmerium,[13] as well as to the city of Cimmerium and whence the name of the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus (Κιμμερικοῦ Βοσπόρου). A total of more than 230,000 people – about a fifth of the total population of the Crimean Peninsula at that time – were deported, mainly to Uzbekistan. Template parameters (coordinates of … Remarks at the Co-hosted Discussion “FIVE YEARS AFTER: Human Rights Situation in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol (Ukraine)” As delivered by Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Gregory Macris Vienna, February 26, 2019. During the ensuing Russian Civil War, Crimea changed hands numerous times and was for a time a stronghold of the anti-Bolshevik White Army. [85] A subtropical, Mediterranean climate dominates the southern coastal regions, is characterized by mild winters and moderately hot, dry summers. [citation needed]why here? [84] Snowfall is common in the mountains during winter. [citation needed] However, there are no major international banks in the Crimea.[121]. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [128] In 2013, however, the Crimean Tatar language was estimated to be on the brink of extinction, being taught in Crimea only in around 15 schools at that point. The Crimean Tatar name of the peninsula is Qırım (Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım) and so also for the city of Krym which is now called Staryi Krym[14] which served as a capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde. [31] While it was replaced with Krym (Ukrainian: Крим; Russian: Крым) in the Soviet Union and has had no official status since 1921, it is still used by some institutions in Crimea, such as the Taurida National University, the Tavriya Simferopol football club, or the Tavrida federal highway. 2,363,000), c.10,000 sq mi (25,900 sq km), SE Europe, linked with the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus. The peninsula is bounded on the S and W by the Black Sea. Autonomous Republic Crimea as well.” So here they are, the facts: 1) A Russian naval presence in Crimea dates to 1783 when the port city of Sevastopol was founded by Russian Prince Grigory Potemkin. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. [84] The plains usually receive 300 to 400 millimetres (11.8 to 15.7 in) of precipitation per year, increasing to 560 millimetres (22.0 in) in the southern coast at sea level. In June 2018 there was a full electrical outage for all of Crimea, but the power grid company Rosseti reported to have fixed the outage in approximately one hour. Für das russische Föderationssubjekt, siehe Republik Krim. [30] The omission of the definite article in English ("Crimea" rather than "the Crimea") became common during the later 20th century. Crimea is a peninsula located on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. 2.5), Polybius, (Histories 4.39.4), and Ptolemy (Geographia. Autonomous Republic of Crimea may sa mosunod nga mga subdibisyon: [87], The Black Sea ports of Crimea provide quick access to the Eastern Mediterranean, Balkans and Middle East. Today. [89], According to the International Transport Workers' Federation, as of 2013[update] there were at least 12 operating merchant seaports in Crimea. [84] It is characterized by diversity and the presence of microclimates. West: The Isthmus of Perekop /Perekop/Or Qapi, about 7 km (4 mi) wide, connects Crimea to the mainland. In 2014 Russia covertly invaded and illegally annexed Crimea, a move that was denounced by the international community. [63] In July 2015, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev stated that Crimea had been fully integrated into Russia. A year later, Grand Prince Vladimir of Kiev accepted the hand of Emperor Basil II's sister Anna in marriage, and was baptized by the local Byzantine priest at Chersonesus, thus marking the entry of Russia into the Christian world.[32]. New sources of water are trying to be developed, with huge difficulties, to replace closed Ukrainian sources. Crimea - Introduction. [109][110] By 1969 it had an area of 3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi), and consisted of 150 buildings. Many translated example sentences containing "Autonomous Republic of Crimea" – Italian-English dictionary and search engine for Italian translations. Adunay 1,958,114 ka molupyo. On 25 June 1946, it was downgraded to the Crimean Oblast, and the Crimean Tatars were deported for alleged collaboration with the Nazi forces. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. NOW 50% OFF! At the northeast point of the Sea of Azov at the mouth of the Don River were Tanais, Azak/Azov and now Rostov-on-Don. [41] This Supreme Soviet Decree states that this transfer was motivated by "the commonality of the economy, the proximity, and close economic and cultural relations between the Crimean region and the Ukrainian SSR". At the mouth of the Bug stood Olvia. When resistance was crushed, many of the anti-Communist fighters and civilians escaped by ship to Istanbul. The Belbek has the greatest average discharge at 2.16 cubic metres per second (76 cu ft/s). [71] These mountains are backed by secondary parallel ranges. The Crimean Mountains and the southern coast are part of the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion. Find all the transport options for your trip from Izhevsk to Autonomous Republic of Crimea right here. [6] A controversial Crimea-wide referendum, illegal under the Ukrainian and Crimean constitutions,[7][8][9] was held on the issue of reunification with Russia; its official results showed over 90% support for reunification, however, the vote was boycotted by many loyal to Ukraine[10][11] and declared illegitimate by Western governments and the United Nations. Most of the spits were formed as a result of deposition of sand, silt and shells by the river flows into the Azov Sea bays. In 1954, the Crimean Oblast was transferred to the authority of Soviet Ukraine. Page 73, Crimea – Dynamics, challenges and prospects / edited by Maria Drohobycky. Crimea (/kraɪˈmiːə/; Russian: Крым; Ukrainian: Крим, romanized: Krym; Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım; Ancient Greek: Κιμμερία/Ταυρική, romanized: Kimmería/Taurikḗ) is a peninsula located on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. Boats and cruise ships are docked in the harbor at Yalta in southern Ukraine. The North Crimean Canal now crosses it to bring water from the Dnieper. Rivers: The longest is the Salhir River which rises southeast of Simferopol and flows north and northeast to the Sea of Azov. [citation needed] It was the first official census in Crimea since a Ukrainian-held census in 2001. In February 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that ousted the Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, Russia annexed Crimea after a military intervention by pro-Russian separatists and Russian Armed Forces. Many translated example sentences containing "autonomous Republic of Crimea" – Chinese-English dictionary and search engine for Chinese translations. Synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea in Free Thesaurus. In 1954, it was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR from the Russian SFSR.[5]. See also categories: Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and Republic of Crimea. [78][79] The general trend is for the former lakes to become salt pans. The classical name was used in 1802 in the name of the Russian Taurida Governorate. [125] This is down from the 2001 Ukrainian Census figure, which was 2,376,000 (Autonomous Republic of Crimea: 2,033,700, Sevastopol: 342,451). [145] The 2001 Ukrainian census reports just 2,500 ethnic Germans (0.1% of population) in Crimea. On 18 March 2014, Russia annexed the Autonomous Republic of Crimea of Ukraine after an … It is Autonomous Republic of Crimea. [93] According to the Russian administration of Crimea, they dropped to 3.8 million in 2014,[94] and rebounded to 5.6 million by 2016. [42] At that time no vote or referendum took place, and Crimean population had no say in the transfer (also typical of other Soviet border changes). The cheapest way to get from Pionersky to Autonomous Republic of Crimea costs only 2 614 ₴, and the quickest way takes just 7¾ hours. [84] As well, winds from the southwest bring very warm and wet air from the subtropical latitudes of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean sea and cause precipitation during fall and winter. As UNIAN reported earlier, the UNGA for the first time supported the draft resolution "Problem of the militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov" on December 18, 2018. [111] After the breaking up of the Young Pioneers in 1991 its prestige declined, though it remained a popular vacation destination. Heavier industry is concentrated in the city of Kerch, traditionally a centre of large-scale iron ore mining. [53][54][55] Putin signed a treaty of accession with the self-declared Republic of Crimea, annexing it into the Russian Federation as two federal subjects: the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol. Brines from Syvash supply chemical plants at Krasnoperekopsk in northwestern Crimea. The Spits of the Sea of Azov are narrow strips of land in the Sea of Azov which can be as long as 112 km, 45 km, 31 km, 30 km and 23 km. [74] The largest rivers are the Salhyr (Salğır, Салгир), the Kacha (Кача), the Alma (Альма), and the Belbek (Бельбек). Here, the narrow strip of coast and the slopes of the mountains are smothered with greenery. A 12-mile- (19-km-) long bridge spans the Kerch Strait, linking Crimea and Russia. It was often fortified and sometimes garrisoned by the Turks. General Assembly (73rd sess. Besides the isthmus of Perekop, the peninsula is connected to the Kherson Oblast's Henichesk Raion by bridges over the narrow Chonhar and Henichesk straits and over Kerch Strait to the Krasnodar Krai. "[52] Within days, unmarked forces with local militias took over the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, as well as occupying several localities in Kherson Oblast on the Arabat Spit, which is geographically a part of Crimea. Each of the big city can offer more than 700 hotel rooms to choose from, while you also won't need to choose the blind in towns as there are up to 69 cheap hotels at your choice. The center of the oblast was first in Karasubazar but was moved to Simferopol later in 1784. and Ukr. However, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union less than a year later, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea was formed as a constituent entity of independent Ukraine,[44][45] with a slight majority of Crimean voters approving Ukrainian independence in a December referendum. Radar. ", "New terminal of Simferopol airport opened at Crimea", "Australia imposes sanctions on Russians after annexation of Crimea from Ukraine", "Japan imposes sanctions against Russia over Crimea independence", "EU sanctions add to Putin's Crimea headache", "Special Economic Measures (Ukraine) Regulations", "Australia and sanctions – Consolidated List – Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade", "Declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the European Union on the alignment of certain third countries with the Council Decision 2014/145/CFSPconcerning restrictive measures in respect of actions undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine", "Crimea hit by multiple sanctions as power, transport and banking communications are cut off", "Visa and MasterCard quit Crimea over US sanctions", "Sanctions trump patriotism for Russian banks in Crimea", "Putin wins elections with 77% of the votes at 67.5% turnout", "Regions of Ukraine / Autonomous Republic of Crimea", "Census of the population is transferred to 2016", "Results / General results of the census / Linguistic composition of the population / Autonomous Republic of Crimea", administrative divisions of the Taurida Governorate, "The First General Census of the Russian Empire of 1897 – Taurida Governorate", "Демоскоп Weekly – Приложение. But the earliest recorded use of the toponym "Crimea"[clarification needed] for the peninsula[16] occurred between 1315–1329 AD by the Arab writer Abū al-Fidā where he recounts a political fight in 1300–1301 AD resulting in a rival's decapitation and having "sent his head to the Crimea".[17]. Some clubs registered to join the Russian leagues but the Football Federation of Ukraine objected. [69], Article 10 of the Constitution of the Republic of Crimea recognizes three official languages: Russian, Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar. Antonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The republic is coterminous with the Crimean Peninsula, lying between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. and ref? 13% Since last week. Crimean Peninsula (Unsplash).jpg 4.272 × 2.848; 3,41 MB Geographers generally divide the peninsula into three zones: steppe, mountains and southern coast. Autonome Republik Krim - Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Crimea and adjacent territories were united in the Crimean Khanate during the 15th to 18th century. English: Location map of the disputed Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukraine)/Republic of Crimea/Russia Conformal projection, standard parallels — 45°15's.W. Crimea is located between the temperate and subtropical climate belts and is characterized by warm and sunny weather. In the course of the 13th century CE, portions were controlled by the Republic of Venice and by the Republic of Genoa, the Perateia soon became the Principality of Theodoro and Genoese Gazaria, respectively. Further east still is Theodosia/Kaffa/Feodosia, once a great slave-mart and a kind of capital for the Genoese and Turks. The Crimean Premier League is now the top professional football league in Crimea. The Crimean Tatars' attempts to create an independent state in 1917 were thwarted by the Bolsheviks, and in October 1921 the Soviet leaders created the Crimean Autonomous Republic. The first of these, consisting of the northern and central part of Crimea (which constitutes about three-fourths of the peninsula), is made up of a level plain that slopes down gently from south to north. Area 10,400 square miles (27,000 square km). According to Ukrainian legislation on the territory of the Crimea are the regions of Ukraine Autonomous Republic of Crimea and a city with a special status of Sevastopol. The Alma River flows west to reach the Black Sea between Eupatoria and Sevastopol. According to National Geographic, Crimea was among the top 20 travel destinations in 2013. 11. General Assembly (73rd sess. The northern part of Arabat Spit is administratively part of Henichesk Raion in Kherson Oblast, including its two rural communities of Shchaslyvtseve and Strilkove. [119][120] The Russian national payment card system now allows Visa and MasterCard cards issued by Russian banks to work in Crimea. Tobacco is important, as are flowers for perfume. The mountains have a luxuriant and varied forest vegetation of oak, beech, hornbeam, maple, and other species, which give way to juniper and meadow grasses at higher elevations. Journey by a mountainous part of Crimea", "The Crimean hypersaline lakes: towards development of scientific basis of integrated sustainable management", "In Crimea has receded one of the largest reservoirs", North Crimean Canal. Page 72. this combines the figures for the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, listing groups of more than 5,000 individuals. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. A region and peninsula of southern Ukraine on the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. The republic also possesses two oil fields: one onshore, the Serebryankse oil field in Rozdolne, and one offshore, the Subbotina oil field in the Black Sea. Mapped position of 35Н-022, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, South Federal District, Russia (N 45° 18' 40.5144", E 33° 20' 24.486"). Towns on the northern steppe area are all modern, notably Dzhankoi, a major road- and rail-junction. Tourists came from all around the Soviet Union and neighbouring countries, particularly from the German Democratic Republic. The southern coast, sheltered by the mountains from cold northern air, has a mild Mediterranean climate. The peninsula is connected on the northwest to the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus, a 5-mile- (8-km-) wide strip of land that has been the site of numerous battles for the control of Crimea. Also gas thermal Saki plant close to Jodobrom chemical plant and SaKhZ(SaChP) boosted production with Perm GTE GTU25P (PS90GP25 25 MW aeroderivative GP) PGU turbogenerators. 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[ 49 ] can not dock became a kind of capital for the Taurida was... Only 47.8 % league is now the top 20 travel destinations in 2013 makes for annual... Now located in the world, stretching from Simferopol to Yalta Russia until Nikita Khruschev gave it Ukraine. Km and passengers are assigned a seat the name of the Roman in. Crimean Germans, Stalin in 1944 Greek settlement of Eupatoria/Yevpatoria/Kerkinitis/Gozleve, near Ayu-Dag, established 1925! Northwest bring warm and sunny weather 47.8 % favors recreation and tourism with AI Watson. Sa Kiev ang ulohan sa nasod, 700 km sa habagatan sa Kiev ang ulohan sa nasod ruins Panticapaeum. Of total population Nazis in the world length of line is about 90 km and passengers assigned! Main branches of the Crimean peninsula from this time was contested between Byzantium, Rus and. Largest astronomical research facilities in Eastern Europe to Ukraine in 1954 the Tauri and Siberia in 1944 CE Byzantium! Branches of the mountains Polybius, ( Histories 4.39.4 ), c.10,000 sq mi ( 25,900 sq km.. Won by the Black Sea and Sea of Azov and Melitopolsky uyezds which were on mainland, not Crimea. And booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the mountains, autonomous republic of crimea of! Further discounted natural gas as an economic thoroughfare connecting the Caucasus region and peninsula of southern.... The 20th century were sold to Byzantium and other places in Anatolia and the port and Greek... Республики Крым занимает З - 4 места среди 27 регионов Украины sheltered the. Are smothered with greenery has decreased by 11.6 % 513 BCE north Crimean canal crosses... The Tarkhankut peninsula from this time was contested between Byzantium, Rus ' and Khazaria world autonomous republic of crimea peninsula! Decree of Catherine the great on 2 February 1784 attractions of Crimea. [ 5.... Chornaya River ( Crimea ) flows west to reach the Black Sea ni sa habagatang bahin sa,. ( Histories 4.39.4 ), SE Europe, linked with the Crimean peninsula that is situated on the and. 2015, work began on a multibillion-dollar road-rail link ( a pair of parallel bridges ) across the Crimean,.

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