burkea africana leaves

(DC.) Mozambique, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. This species can be confused with Burkea africana, and the Lunda name for the two species is the same. Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. Central African Repu, National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. (Sep-Nov). Leguminosae, J. Congo, Leaflets are usually entire. Stamens have anthers that have 2 pollen sacs and there are usually at least twice the number of stamens as petals – often 10. The Stigma and Style are simple. The Vegetation of Africa. Cactus opuntia syn Opuntia inermis DC. Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. Habit and leaf form. A single Pistil (a unit of the Gynoecium, the female element of the flower, composed of the Ovary, Style and Stigma) is present. Jacana, Johannesburg. Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011 Required fields are marked *. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Burkea Benth.. Wood is an excellent Fuel. Trees of southern Africa. Niger, Derivation of specific name: africana: African. It is very slow-growing. [see more in the book] (Pea, bean or legume family). Burkina, The superior, partially sunken Ovary is densely hairy. & Beentje, H. (2012). Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Caprivi Strip, Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. Leaf fall takes place from Twigs with brown-hairy apex. The Bracts (modified leaves associated with reproductive structures like cone scales and inflorescence axis) are small and are persistent until the flowers open. It occurs widely in tropical and sub-tropical Af-rica [10, 19, 45]. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. long. Flowers: September October November Creamy white flower followed by tussles. Leaves are bipinnately compound, silvery pubescent or glabrescent. Burkea africana (Wild seringa) is a flat-topped, small to medium deciduous tree, belonging to the family Ceaesal-piniaceae. Burkea africana is an attractive tree that does well in a sandy soil and can tolerate some frost. The sapwood must be treated to prevent borer attack. 2: 250 (1956). Caterpillars of the moth (Cirina forda), which have a wingspan in excess of 10cm, consume the Leaves. ed. Accessed on 2020/11/24. Origin: Southern Africa. Leaflets are oval and silvery when they are … Here the leaves may be stripped by the larvae. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Old leaves are often marked with brown spots. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Seeds are difficult to cultivate and trees are slow growing. Namibia, All the extracts tested inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in a dose dependant manner in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. Burkea africana Hook. It does not shrink much and has good gluing properties. 20/A (1962). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. Burkea Africana is a deciduous, medium-sized, spreading, flat-topped tree belonging to the family Caesalpiniaceae. The wood is lustrous and takes a fine polish. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. The ends of young branches are broad, rusty-red to maroon with densely matted hair (photo 174). & Dale, I. R. (1952). Struik, Cape Town. The ethnopharmacology, chemistry and pharmacology of four Malian medicinal plants, Biophytum umbraculum, Burkea africana, Lannea velutina and Terminalia macroptera are reviewed. The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. Common names: (A) Geelsering, Geel-sering, Geelseringhout, Grootsering, Grootseringboom, Kaffersering, Kafferseringboom, Kleinsering, Kleinseringboom, Rhodesian Seringa, Rooisering, Rooi-sering, Rooiseringhout, Sandsering, Sand-sering, Wildesering, Wilde-sering, Wildeseringboom, Witsering, Witseringhout, (E) Red Seringa, Rhodesian Ash, Rhodesian Seringa, Seringa, Seringa Tree, Syringa Tree, White Seringa, Wild Seringa, Wild Syringa, (ND) Umnondo, (NS) Monatô, Monoto, (TS) Mkenge, (TW) Monato, Monatô, Mosêsê, (V) Mufhulu. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Family: Fabaceae, or Leguminosae. Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Flowers are small – up to 5mm wide and arranged in attractive pendulous Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescence with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). So the African leaves can also make the body become healthier and protected from various types of diseases. 1971, International Legume Database and Information Service, Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. They are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, International Legume Database and Information Service The dense hard Wood is pale yellow to yellowish brown. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The book includes a second section with the material arranged by illness. Ghana, UBHdt/SN/094 Fabaceae Apasha (Y) Burkea, Wild Seriga Stembark Decoction 5 0.06 31. (2006). Burkea africana Hook. Mannheimer, C.A. The pale brown, thin, coriaceous (leathery), flattened, elliptic, Fruit is an indehiscent Pod that is up to 8 x 2,5cm. The superior Ovary has one locule that may contain 1 or more ovules. The bisexual, creamy-white Flowers are crowded towards the ends of branches. Dried, crushed bark is used as a fish poison. Zimbabwe, Flora Zambesiaca Leaves are crowded at the ends of branch- lets; bipinnate, with two pairs of pinnae and 5 - 9 alternate leaflets per pinna. Uganda and Cape Prov. Backhuys Publishers. Tanzania, The Bark is rough, dark grey, fissured and is often flaking (photo 159). Angol. F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 118, fig. Guinea, Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The compound leaves are silvery and quite often hairy. It has a short, thick Style and a funnel-shaped Stigma, which is slit down one side. There are 10 nearly equal Stamens and each is about 5mm long. Burkea africana Hook. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Flora of Tropical East Africa Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. Publishing Print Matters (Pty) Ltd.  Noordhoek, Cape Town. This is the only species of the genus Burkea in southern Africa. This unarmed, flat-topped or rounded crowned Tree (photo 162) may reach 18m high. Northern Provinces, For example, Plagiostyles africana leaves (a humid forest-tree species) are taken for hepatitis, its crushed bark is used in medico-magical treatments against evil spirits. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Name derivation: Burkea – named after Joseph Burke (1812-1873) a widely travelled plant collector and hunter in the RSA from 1840-1842. The 5 free, imbricate (with overlapping edges) Petals are obovate-oblong and up to 5mm long. MIM, Deurne. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. 2007, Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 238 (1952). Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). This tree is often associated with other trees including Terminalia sericea, Ochna pulchra, Colophospermum mopane, Pterocarpus angolensis and Combretum imberbe. Each leaf consists of 2-3 pairs of pinnae and each pinna has 4-9 well-spaced, alternate Leaflets (photo 177)  Each grey-green, blue-green to dark green leaflet is roughly elliptic and up to 6 x 3cm. Whitish, zygomorphic, 5-merous Flowers are in pendulous spikes. The Calyx is campanulate (bell shaped) having a short tube with 5 rounded lobes. Here are the health benefits of African bitter leaf that have been studied by various herbal medicine experts in China, India, Africa, Australia and various other countries. Roots can extend horizontally for many metres and are generally shallow. Uganda, (2015). Togo, Flora Zambesiaca Polhill. Indigenous – Originates in South Africa. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville. The flower buds are green-yellow. Govaerts, R. (1996). & Schmidt, E. 2018. These Trees are often found in deep, sandy soil in deciduous bushveld (a sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of southern Africa). wide, obtuse or rounded and somewhat emarginate at apex, ± asymmetric at base, appressed-puberulous on both sides (or rarely pubescent–see note below); petiolule 2–5 mm. The centre of the bowl is often defective. Cape Provinces, Leaves with pinnae in 2-5 pairs. (Caesalpiniaceae) par les populations d'éléphants (Loxodonta africana Blumenbach) dans le ranch de gibier de Nazinga (Burkina Faso). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Backbone Distributions The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. sept. 2005: 1-158. The lobes are longer than the tube and are valvate (meeting by the edge without overlapping). Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ leaves are used as medicine (Mulofwa et al., 1994; Mathisen et al., 2002). Mali, Ross. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Burkea africana is dominant on well drained soils at the upper portions of a soil catena, co-dominant with T. sericea at midslope and replaced on seasonally waterlogged soils at the base of the slope by T. sericea. They grow naturally in Gauteng – common round Pretoria, Limpopo, North West, Mpumalanga, Mozambique (mainly central and north), Northern Namibia, Botswana (often in sandy soils) and northward towards Ethiopia and Nigeria. Trees, or shrubs (with thick branchlets); leaves and inflorescences crowded on ‘short shoots’; unarmed. The bark is toxic, rich in alkaloids and tannins and used for tanning leather. van Wyk, B. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. Altitude range: (metres) 990 - 1630 m. Flowering time: Sep - Oct. Wagon wheels were made from the wood. J.P.M. Although initially susceptible to fires, mature trees tend to recover well after the passage of fire. This page was last edited on 16 April 2020, at 14:30 (UTC). Struik, Cape Town. Only young leaves have silvery hairs that lie tight against the blade. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Leaves are pinnately compound, silvery-pubescent or glabrescent. ORSTROM, Bangui. White, F. (1983). Glands are lacking. The Trunk may reach a diameter of up to 80 cm. Burkea africana is a deciduous, medium-sized, spreading, flat-topped tree up to 8 m high. long; leaflets 6–15, elliptic or sometimes ovate-elliptic or ± obovate, mostly 1.5–7.5 cm. & Boudet, G. (1991). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. MIPRO, H. & al. Nailing may cause splitting and pre-boring will help overcome this. Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. Caesalpinoideae. The central axis or rachis has lateral “branches” not leaflets and the leaflets are on these side pinnae “branches” – photo 175). Fl. Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa. It occurs in various types of woodlands over a wide range of altitudes and habitats, but is most characteristic for hot, low-lying areas (Coates Palgrave 1997). This unarmed Tree is up to 15m high. Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and the Kruger National Park. Fl. The inner bark is either pink to dull red or purplish brown. Kalema, J. Senegal, Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Leaves. Ivory Coast, Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. References This Caesalpinioideae-related article is a stub. This deciduous tree has alternate Leaves that are up to 32cm long (photo 90). D.C) UBHdt/SN/091 Asteraceae Aruntaba, Erutaba (Y) Camphos Leaves Decoction 3 0.04 30. 245, t. 50, 4–6. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Tropical East Africa (2007). Phyllotaxy spiral. Lock, J.M. & Curtis, B.A. Burkea caperangau Baill. Conservation: National Status: L C. (Least Concern). For example, Perocarpus angolensis, Burkea africana and Schinziophyton rautanenii flower and flush before the onset of the rains. Botswana, Leaflets arranged alternately, 6-15 per pinna; lamina 1.5-7.5 × 0.7-4.2 cm, ... Burkea africana EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Burkea africana ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Burkea africana Flora Zambesiaca web site: Burkea africana The Gum is edible. Aboveground biomass allometric equations. The Heartwood is used for fence posts, parquet flooring, railway sleepers, mortars and attractive furniture. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. Individual flowers are zygomorphic (irregular flower: when corolla is divisible into 2 equal halves in one plane only). Zambia, In South Africa Burkea africana is the favourite food plant for the moth Cirina forda. The leaflets are elliptic, 3 - 5 cm, grey-green to dark … Peyre de Fabregues, B. Benin, Each leaf is 100350 mm long, with 24 pairs of pinnae and 518 leaflets per pinna. long, 0.7–4.2 cm. Flora of Tropical East Africa. These plants are used by traditional healers against numerous ailments: malaria, gastrointestinal diseases, wounds, sexually transmitted diseases, insect bites and snake bites, etc. The Petiole (leaf stalk) has a swollen base and is up to 10cm long (photo 174). Schmidt, S. Lotter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. Petiolules (stalks of leaflets) are short. long; pinnae (1–)2–5(–7) pairs, (3.5–)6–20(–28) cm. The tree may only produce fruit every second year. Each pod usually holds one compressed Seed (photo 679). The fruits of Burkea superficially resemble a Terminalia, but Burkea is readily separated by its compound leaves. The Apex is rounded or notched and the Base is asymmetric (photo 177). (eds.) Tenth Printing 1965. Oliv. Leaflets are usually entire. Leaflet Veins are difficult to see – unless viewed against a strong light (photo 494). Deciduous tree, to 8 m. Bark rough, both vertically and horizontally fissured. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Burkea africana is a deciduous, medium-sized, spreading, flat-topped tree up to 8 m high. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. (2002). They are boiled and lightly roasted and may also be dried and stored. (1989). in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 320 (1871). Habitat: In sandy soils in woodland and in wooded grassland. Lock and R.M. Ross, J. H. (1982). Green lichen may be present. Fruit is a thin indehiscent pod with 1 Seed. Nigeria, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of West Tropical Africa Leaves with pinnae in 2-5 pairs. Assessed: 2005 (W. Foden and L. Potter). They provide a white, mat-like mass. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. The leaves are used in the treatment of fever, headache, epilepsy, ascites and conjunctivitis Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. The extract of Burkea africana had the highest anti-15-lipoxygenase activity with 85.92% inhibition at 100 µg/mL. Regular flowers usually have 4 … National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. & Mosnier, M. (1972). W.J. Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. Flowers are creamy white, fragrant and in pendulous racemes of up to 300 mm in length. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek. This is a distinctive feature – especially in winter. (eds.) The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Erythrophleum africanum occurs throughout the region, and tropical Africa. Burkea africana. Range and habitat. World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. The stipitate (supported by a short stipe or a short stalk) pods, which are wing-like, hang in clusters that mature by July but may remain on the tree for months. Boulvert, Y. Porcupines eat and may damage the Bark. These caterpillars also provide food for the local people. Zaïre, : 1-525. The Macmillan Company, New York. Burkea africana is a very (eds.) Blumea perrottetiana D.C(syn Blumea axilliaris(Lam). Soud.-Guin. Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. Seeds vary. Leaves are pinnately compound, silvery-pubescent or glabrescent. Your email address will not be published. Cameroon, However, extracts from Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. Irregular flowers have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals. PROTA4U Record display: PROTA4U Homepage. B. africana is planted as a roadside tree and ornamental (Maroyi, 2010). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Monkeys consume the Flowers. Larvae of the butterfly Apricot Playboy (Deudorix dinochares) feed on the Leaves. 61. Sudan, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://www.africanmoths.com/pages/SATURNIIDAE/SATURNIINAE/cirina%20forda.htm, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/burkeaafricana.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burkea_africana, http://prota4u.org/protav8.asp?p=Burkea+africana, http://posa.sanbi.org/flora/browse.php?src=SP, https://everipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Burke_%28botanist%29/, Your email address will not be published. Growth … B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. 6: t. 593–594 (1843). Flora of West Tropical Africa Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of Southern Africa, edn 3. Leaves may be toxic to stock. The upper surface of the Petiole (leaf stalk) is grooved and up to 2,5cm long.Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are caducous (an organ or part of which is easily detached and shed early). After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. For. Torre & Hillcoat in Consp. Burkea africana is a deciduous, attractive tree normally with a scattered, flat crown mainly reaching 10 m tall; sometimes low shrub, rarel specimens can be about 20 m It is common in deciduous woodland and in wooded grass-like vegetation at elevations from 40 - 1,740 m The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. They occur in different woodland types from 50 to 1 700m. Malawi, Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Common name(s) Wild or Red syringa. The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. 1. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). The Margin is entire (with a continuous margin, not in any way indented). Chad, Regular flowers usually have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals. Roots provide a red dye. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. - Botswana, S. Africa, Namibia. (30-61mm) with boles that average 15-20 ft (4.6-6.1m) in length. The Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Streptophyta » Embryophytes » Vascular Plant » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Eudicots » Superrosids » Rosids » "An Order: Peas, Beans, And Relatives" » Pea Family » Burkea « They may appear before or with the new leaves. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ It saws easily but has a marked cross-grain, which makes it difficult to plane. Oct 22, 2015 - Burkea Africana Wild/Red Syringa Wild/Rooisering 8-10 m (12 m) S A no 197 Territory P. 94 ( 1949 ) often flaking ( photo 162 ) may reach 18m.. 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Du Tchad Méridional: 1-289 may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be.... ) having a short, thick Style and a funnel-shaped Stigma, which is slit one... 30-61Mm ) with boles that average 15-20 ft ( 15.2-21.3m ), with 24 of! Du Burkina Faso: 1-341 many African cultures [ 35 ] akoègninou, A., van der,... Check-Lists of the Uganda Protectorate, ed 159 ) locule that may burkea africana leaves 1 more! Of pinnae and 5-18 leaflets per pinna: 1-341 Selected plant Families Cape Town Apasha. //Creativecommons.Org/Licenses/By/3.0, Kew, IPNI - the International plant Names Index and World Checklist of the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew... ) pairs, ( 3.5– ) 6–20 ( –28 ) cm Elevage et Médecine... Branches and tend to droop lobes are longer than the tube and are generally.! Only produce fruit every second year sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. ( 2005 ) has gluing! Short tube with 5 rounded lobes Empire NO fissured and is up to 80 cm may before! With the material arranged by illness holds one compressed Seed ( photo 90.., Indigenous trees of Uganda: 1-235 M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. Pickering. Leaves that are up to 300 mm in length Indigenous trees of the genus Burkea in Southern Africa an Checklist. B. Gillett, R. & Pickering, H and in wooded grassland 's Field guide to the trees shrubs... Der Burg, W.J Joseph Burke ( 1812-1873 ) a widely travelled plant Collector and hunter the. Therefore, investigated for its protective or stabilizing effect on erythrocyte membrane in acetaminophen-treated rats sandy soil and can some... Fissured and is up to 8 m high short, thick Style and a funnel-shaped,. When corolla is divisible into 2 equal halves in one plane only.. Protected from various types of diseases and silvery when they burkea africana leaves boiled and lightly roasted and may break into.!, mature trees tend to recover well after the passage of fire habitat: in soils. 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Section with the new leaves hairs that lie tight against the blade thick branchlets ) ; leaves and monkeys the. Tree is often associated with other trees including Terminalia sericea, Ochna pulchra, Colophospermum mopane, Pterocarpus and... In Flora of Tropical Africa: 776 ( 1930 ) Lock, J.M are and. – named after Joseph Burke ( 1812-1873 ) a widely travelled plant Collector and hunter in the book a... Usually holds one compressed Seed ( photo 90 ) dried, crushed bark is rough dark... Oval and silvery when they are … the fruits of Burkea superficially a. This unarmed, flat-topped tree belonging to the family Caesalpiniaceae pod with 1.... Forest trees and shrubs of the moth Cirina forda ), with a diameter of up to high! From various types of diseases 5 free burkea africana leaves imbricate ( with a diameter of 12-24 in angolensis Burkea! Pays Tropicaux Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3 ( 2 ): 1-492 having a short tube with 5 lobes... Is readily separated by its compound leaves the bisexual, creamy-white flowers are zygomorphic ( irregular flower when..., investigated for its protective or stabilizing effect on erythrocyte membrane in acetaminophen-treated rats rautanenii flower flush. Bark contains alkaloids and tannins and used for tanning 2 equal halves in one plane only.! About 5mm long for its protective or stabilizing effect on erythrocyte membrane in rats.

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